Human blood cannot be manufactured and it has no substitute. The only way it can be obtained is through a generous DONOR. A WHO Report* from 2015 stated that 108 million blood donations are collected globally, out of which more than half are from high income countries. This figure decreases substantially in middle income countries, and even more so when looking at low income countries.
A proper awareness is all what we require to make people aware about blood donation, after all – It is a gift of life.
What you want to donate?
Our blood comprises of red blood cells, white blood cells, platelets and plasma. It depends wholly on a donor as to what they want to donate.
The decision to donate may provide choices beyond just “blood” – options can include a donation of some specific compounds of blood like red cells, plasma or platelets.
Blood group has a major role to play. Type “O” is the universal donor or accepted. It is always in great demand and often in short supply. Plasma of Type AB-positive can be transfused to patients of all other blood types. AB plasma is also usually in short supply.
Blood Donation “A safe process”
Blood donation is very safe. It is mostly followed in four steps
- Medical history
- Mini physical donation
Donation frequency depends the blood component you donate. If you are donating whole blood, take a pause of 56 days before another donation can be made. Platelets can be donated once in every 7 days, but on the whole it is recommended to be donated a maximum of 24 times in a year. Plasma donation needs 28 days for regeneration, and double red cells can be donated once in every 112 days.
Facts about blood donation
- The process of blood donation is very safe. Every time a new sterile needle is used and later discarded.
- For every donor a mini-physical check is completed. This process includes checking of temperature, pulse, blood pressure, haemoglobin level. It is done to ensure that the donor is healthy, and it is safe for the donor to give blood.
- The actual process of blood donation takes approximately 10-12 minutes.
- In total, 10 units of blood is present in an average adult out of which only 1 unit is given during donation
- The blood donated undergo tests for various infectious disease like HIV, Hepatitis B and C, syphilis and other before it can be transfused to patients.
*WHO. Blood safety and availability. Fact sheet N° 279. 2015.
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