Black and white images can be very powerful, but colour lends itself to great shots too. Which should you use? It’s a question that doesn’t have a right or wrong answer. So, how do you decide when to convert an image to black and white, and when to stick to colour?
Since photography grew from black and white, converting an image to monochrome makes the shot appear timeless. Ted Grant seemed to have the right idea of just what black and white can do by stating;
“When you photograph people in colour, you photograph their clothes. But when you photograph people in black and white, you photograph their souls.”
We see in colour, so when we see a black and white image, it gives us a reason to pause and consider an image a little bit longer. But, colour can be a big compositional tool, is playful and fun and leaves more of the details of the moment they happen.
Both colour and black and white have their advantages. Which one do you choose? Every photographer may have a bit different process for making that decision, but here are five reasons that suggest an image should be presented in black and white.
When colour isn’t a strength.
Colour can be a great compositional tool. When the colour of the subject contrasts with the surroundings, the viewers eyes is drawn right to the subject. Using complimentary or contrasting colours within the same frame allows the viewer’s eye to take in the entire frame.
But, when colour isn’t a strong point in the image, you should consider converting it to black and white. A shot with similar colour ranges may look better in black and white. If the colour isn’t jumping out and grabbing your eye, view the photo in black and white and you might engage with the image more.
When the image has odd hues.
Sometimes, odd colour hues can be distracting; such as over-the-top coloured lights at a wedding, a flash bounced off a coloured wall or even red skin tones from heat or embarrassment. Whatever the reason, there are colours in your shot that aren’t quite right.
You can use Photoshop to fix the issue, but switching to black and white is an easy fix. Black and white solves the problem when there isn’t enough time for extensive post-production. Switching to black and white while editing a RAW file allows you to easily adjust the lightness of that inaccurate colour with sliders. So, it’s easy to tone down facial redness or a blue light cast so it’s not darker than it should be in the final black and white shot.
When black and white portrays the right emotion.
Colours have long been associate with certain emotions. Yellow tends to lift the spirits, green is relaxing and pink has ties with love. Use of colour can bring out these emotions for the viewer. That’s why golden hour images are so popular—the orange hue instantly creates warm emotions. Colourful images also have a more playful feel.
But what if you are photographing a green object, and you don’t want to portray a feeling of relaxation, for example? Converting the image to black and white is a viable solution. Black and white photographs portray different emotions than colourful ones. With more contrast and none of the pre-set emotions associated with colours, some images bring out greater emotion, or perhaps the right emotion, when they are in black and white.
When shapes and patterns play a bigger role than colours.
Colour is often one of the first things that draws the eye in. We’re naturally drawn to brighter colours. This can often be a useful element to use in photography. Photographers can us