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10 Photography Composition Techniques and Tips for Taking Stunning Photos

The most stunning subjects, perfect lighting and the best of equipment don’t necessarily add up to stellar photographs. You can have all of this and still produce a dud if your photo composition skills are not on point. While many accomplished photographers maintain that good photography is about instinct and experience, there are certain guidelines that can help you get started. We bring you a rundown on ten such photography composition techniques that will set you on the path to clicking breathtaking pictures: 

Rule 1: Bend the Rules of How to Frame a Shot 

As a general composition photography rule, landscape photos are clicked horizontally and portraits vertically. A lot of newbies tend to stick to this pattern in their initial days. While there is nothing wrong with this approach, it is awfully predictable. And the very core of good photography composition is to stimulate the viewers with something unexpected. 

So, try to break free from this pattern by clicking landscapes vertically or shooting subjects horizontally. If you are a little unsure about the results, click your pictures in both horizontal and vertical formats and see which ones work better in which scenario. To add a little drama to your photo composition, try experimenting with diagonal lines rather than straight horizontal or vertical frames. 

Rule 2: The Rule of Thirds 

This is quite literally the holy grail of photography composition techniques. The Rule of Thirds recommends that you avoid putting a subject in the centre of the frame. The logic behind this is that placing the subject in the middle as a static feel to the photograph, thus making it less interesting. 

This rule advocates dividing any frame into nine equal quadrants, and then placing the subject slightly off centre, either to the left or right. This is one of those photography composition tips that can instantly make your picture more impactful. 

Rule 3: Illusion of Motion 

Despite the fact that photographs are two-dimensional and static in nature, a good photographer can create an illusion of motion in their compositions through their photography composition. To achieve this, you must always be mindful of one of the simplest rules of composition giving your subject room to move. 

Even though your subject may not be moving in that moment, the extra room in the photograph conveys a sense of motion. This picture composition trick is most effective when clicking moving objects such as cars, animals or even humans. 

Rule 4: Keep It Simple 

‘More is Better’ is hardly ever a good idea, in both life and when it comes to photography composition. If you want your viewers to engage with your shots, one of the photography composition techniques to swear by is to keep the frame simple. This prevents the viewer from being distracted by an assortment of different elements. 

To achieve this kind of photo composition, zero in on a subject that stands out in a given scene because its colour, shape, size or texture and then construct the frame in such a way that the eye goes straight to that subject. This approach can also be refined by cropping the image afterward. 

Rule 5: Keep the Camera Stable 

This may seem too obvious to be mentioned as one of the rules of composition, but a lot of good photos are often ruined by a blur brought on by the slightest shake of the camera. To avoid this, first learn how to hold the camera correctly – one hand around the body, the other around the lens. 

One of the basic rules of composition is to hold the camera close to your body for support and adjust the shutter speed according to the focal length of the lens to avoid any minor shakes causing unintentional blurs. For long shoots in outdoor, uneven terrain, use a tripod for stability. 

Rule 6: Get the Exposure Triangle Right 

The one golden rule of photo composition is to master the balance of the three basics of photography – Aperture, Shutter Speed and ISO – and the relationship between th